Beauty Glossary

Below are some commonly used terms and procedures in Cosmetology industry.

1. Beauty Consultant/ Cosmetic Beauty Advisor

A beauty consultant, also known as a cosmetic beauty advisor, is someone who promotes, sells and applies beauty products. Their main focus is to help clients feel good about their appearance. This can be done by assisting people in finding the right beauty products for them. Beauty consultants can explain what different chemicals are in different products and recommend specific ones for customers. Their expertise allows them to give advice on style and experiment with ways to make the customer most aesthetically appealing. Cosmetic companies, beauty firms or department stores are a few of the places where beauty consultants may work. To become a beauty consultant, you must take classes and gain certification from an accredited beauty school program.

2. Cosmetology

Cosmetology is the service treatment of hair, nails and skin. They are educated in the area of cosmetology, and as such can provide their advice and expertise. Many clients depend on their cosmetologist to direct them in how they should style their hair, color their nails and know what products to use on their skin. Cosmetologists are successful at making conversation and being personable with customers. They must be knowledgeable about what haircuts would look good on certain face shapes as well as what colors do or do not work on people. Cosmetologists can do more than style hair and may work in other professions such as a nail technician, makeup artist or even massage therapist.

3. Electrolysis 

Electrolysis is a salon treatment for removing hair. This is done through electric currents that destroy hair follicles. To get rid of unwanted hair permanent electrolysis can be done. The hair removal process can take multiple attempts and are performed by a certified electrologist. To become a certified electrologist, you must pass an exam, the IBEC, the International Board of Electrology Certification. Most electrologists attend beauty school before taking the exam. Three different types of electrology are used for hair removal; galvanic, thermolysis and blend. A certified electologist can help decide what their clients need. A dermatologist may also provide services for electrolysis.

4. Esthetician

An Esthetician works on people’s skin and mostly focus on a person’s face. Esthetician will meet with clients to discuss their needs and analyze any skin condition or treatment plans they decide on. However, they are not certified doctors, so they do not provide medication, only specialized treatment for specific client needs. Facials are a common task for an esthetician. They can also provide specialty spa treatments and cosmetic procedures. Their techniques are meant to help rejuvenate and improve a person’s wellbeing. To become a licensed esthetician one must follow the specific certification requirements according to the state they want to practice in.

5. Full Specialty Program

There are many beauty school programs to choose from, one of which is the full specialty program. Beauty schools offer this option for students that want to gain knowledge in many areas of cosmetology. Instead of picking just one area to focus on, this program covers a variety of specialties. Nail care, hairstyling and spa treatment are a few areas covered in this program. Students also learn management, communication and business skills. The purpose of this program is to prepare students to be versatile in their work and open to a number of occupations in the beauty industry.

6. Hairdresser

A hairdresser is someone who specializes in attending to hair. They shampoo, cut and style a person’s hair. They may provide recommendations for different cuts and colors that would best suit each individual. Hairdressers work to keep their clients hair feeling healthy and looking beautiful. This occupation usually provides flexible hours. A hairdresser must be licensed and certified to work in the state they operate in. There is a minimum requirement of a cosmetology license for this type of occupation, which can be attained from an accredited beauty school. Further classes and certifications can be taken in this field as well.

7. Makeup artist

A makeup artist is someone who is specialized at applying makeup. These people know a lot of information about the makeup products and how they affect a person. For example, a makeup artist will know what chemicals are in certain products and can distinguish what will work better on different skin types.  Makeup artists can work in a number of locations, at a salon, mall or for a specific company. The entertainment industry uses a lot of makeup artists for their theater, film and music productions. Free-lance makeup artists are those who work for themselves and are contracted for specific events. For example, weddings, photo shoots and theater may hire freelance makeup artists. 

8. Manicurists & Pedicurists

Manicurists and pedicurists are certified to attend to a person’s fingernails and toenails. This certification is usually earned from a state-approved cosmetology program or after studying at a postsecondary school. Manicurists and pedicurists have many tasks, such as cleaning and organizing nail equipment and promoting nail products to clients. They can suggest styles and decorations for customers. This occupation requires great attention to detail. Manicurists and pedicurists clean and often massage a client’s hands and feet while giving them a treatment. Most manicurists and pedicurists work in nail salons, spas or are self-employed. Their work schedules can be very flexible and may include weekdays or weekends.

9. Massage Therapist

Having a massage is a great stress reliever and can help aid in many physical problems. A massage therapist is a trained professional who provides massages to clients. They can focus on specific areas according to a patient’s needs. For instance, if someone has an injury a massage therapist can attend to that area of the body differently in order to help with pain, circulation, and inflammation. A massage therapist communicates with their patients on ways to better relax and take care of their body, such as improving posture and stretching.  Most massage therapists attend a postsecondary school for their education and require a certification or license to practice therapy.

10. Salon Management

Managing a salon is very important for a career in beauty and cosmetology. Most cosmetology programs will require a course in salon management. Understanding the basic principles of running a salon is salon management. This includes being aware of how promote, organize and market your salon. You will also learn about licensing regulations and how to hire employees. Communication is also a main focus of this class, as it will be a valuable tool in keeping and acquiring good clientele. Even if you do not plan to be a salon owner, the skills from a salon management course will help you in any beauty career.

11. Spa Therapies Certification Program

The beauty industry offers numerous forms of spa treatments; a program in spa specialties is designed to cover all these areas. Massage therapy and clinical massages are covered as well as facials, body wraps and mask techniques. Instruction is given on how to use aroma therapy, hot stone massage and apply brushes properly. Beauty schools that offer this program usually require students to practice spa treatments on real clients. This provides hands-on learning that will prepare them for their future career in the spa and beauty industry. Each spa therapy is covered in its own specific course. This program typically takes a total of 200 hours for completion.